Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a common dental condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can range from mild gingivitis to severe periodontitis, leading to tooth loss and systemic health issues if left untreated. Thankfully, there are effective gum disease treatment options available that can help you regain your oral health and maintain a beautiful smile. Understanding Gum Disease: Before delving into the various gum disease treatment options, it’s crucial to understand the condition itself. Gum disease starts with the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, on your teeth and gums. If not removed through proper oral hygiene practices, this plaque can harden into tartar, leading to inflammation and infection in the gums.


The Stages of Gum Disease

  1. Gingivitis: This is the earliest stage of gum disease and is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Fortunately, gingivitis is usually reversible with proper oral care and professional cleanings.
  2. Periodontitis: If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. At this stage, the infection starts to damage the bone and connective tissues supporting the teeth. Symptoms may include gum recession, pockets forming between teeth and gums, and even tooth mobility.

Effective Gum Disease Treatment Options

  1. Dental Cleanings: Regular dental cleanings are essential for maintaining healthy gums and preventing gum disease. Professional cleanings remove plaque and tartar that cannot be eliminated through regular brushing and flossing.
  2. Scaling and Root Planing: For more advanced cases of gum disease, a procedure called scaling and root planing may be necessary.
  3. Antibacterial Mouthwash: Prescription or over-the-counter antibacterial mouthwashes can help control the growth of bacteria in your mouth. Dr Vesna may recommend a specific mouthwash to incorporate into your daily oral care routine.
  4. Medications: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to combat bacterial infections associated with gum disease. These medications can be taken orally or applied directly to the infected areas.
  5. Laser Therapy: Laser therapy has become a popular and less invasive treatment for gum disease. Dental lasers can target and remove infected tissue, promoting the regeneration of healthy gums.
  6. Ongoing Oral Care: Once gum disease has been treated, maintaining proper oral hygiene is crucial to prevent its recurrence. Regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups are essential to keep your gums healthy.
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